Our Technology

Balboa Pacific has developed the Bal-Pac Thermal Conversion Pyrolytic Gasification System, a continuous feed waste treatment technology. The process is the destructive distillation of toxic or non-toxic organic material, either solid or liquid substances, reducing the feedstock to a sterile carbon char and hot gases. The Bal-Pac Systems are not incinerators. Rather than burning waste, the Pyrolytic Gasification System thermally degrades organic material in an oxygen starved environment (pyrolysis) at temperatures from 800º F to 1200º F and then, through a closed conduit, the process gases are introduced to the Thermal Oxidizer with temperatures up to 2250º F. The solids produced are primarily the carbon char and stabilized (oxidized) metals. The hot gasses produced may be used for a variety of applications including electricity-generation. Several of the nation’s leading environmental engineering companies such as Dames & Moore, Sandia Labs and Pacific Environmental Services have tested the process emissions from the decomposition of a wide range of waste material processed by the Bal-Pac Thermal Conversion Systems; go to Confidential for access to our TECHNOLOGY VALIDATION AND TEST DATA.

Market Penetration

Balboa Pacific Corporation strongly believes that market entry is best achieved from the governmental level, i.e. federal, state and municipal. Because our technology is recognized as superior in the treatment and eradication of waste material, we are perceived as competition to those who tout the status quo feeling that we would be impinging on their market share or niche. However, little can be argued if landfills are not the preferred method of disposal, the streams and oceans are off limits, and incinerators, that produce toxic emissions, are no longer acceptable. The transition from previously acceptable methods of waste disposal to environmentally acceptable methods will be met with less resistance if the standards are public sector mandates.

Production, Properties, and Applications

What is Pyrolysis?

Pyrolysis [from Greek pyro “heat” + lysis “separating”] = thermolysis (chemical decomposition caused by heat) of organic (carbonaceous) materials in the absence of oxygen. Pyrolysis differs from other processes such as combustion, incineration, and hydrolysis; in that it does not involve the addition of a reactant/reagent such as oxygen (in combustion and incineration) or water (in hydrolysis).

What is Gasification?

Gasification = the conversion of biomass-based (or fossil fuel-based) carbonaceous (organic) materials into gases.

What is Pyrolytic Gasification?

Pyrolytic gasification of organic wastes produces ~10% carbon char (aka biochar; carbon black is also produced depending on waste stream composition *) and ~90% syngas (synthesis gases; largely composed of hydrogen and carbon monoxide, both of which are flammable and can be combusted at higher temperatures than the waste streams the syngas is separated from). Syngas can be burned directly as fuel, and can be used to produce methanol. We introduce oxygen into the syngas, which increases its heating value and causes it to ignite. The resultant heat is then used for drying and/or to produce electricity (renewable energy obtained from biomass waste).

* A waste stream composition of tires or petroleum… nets carbon black, which is used in the manufacture of coatings, inks, plastics, rubber, and tires. A waste stream composition of RDF (Refuse Derived Fuel), which is made from what is left of commercial, industrial, and municipal wastes after inorganics and valuable recyclable organic materials are removed at a MRF (Materials Recovery Facility)… nets carbon char (aka biochar), which has applications in construction and agriculture.

How do biochar and carbon black differ?

Biochar and carbon black are both carbon-based materials produced through pyrolysis. They have distinct production processes, properties, and applications.

Biochar:

  • Production: Biochar is produced through the pyrolysis of biomass, such as wood, agricultural waste, or other organic materials.
  • Properties: Biochar is a highly porous and thus has a large surface area. It is a stable form of carbon and can remain in the soil for hundreds to thousands of years, and thus can sequester carbon that would otherwise naturally degrade into greenhouse gases.
  • Applications: Biochar is mainly used in agriculture and horticulture to enhance soil properties by improving water and nutrient retention, thus increasing crop yields.

Carbon Black:

  • Production: Carbon black is produced through the incomplete combustion or pyrolytic gasification of hydrocarbons, such as natural gas or petroleum-derived products, at very high temperatures (over 2,000°C).
  • Properties: Carbon black consists of small, spherical particles with a very high surface area. It is highly reinforcing, and is a highly efficient black pigment with excellent light-absorbing properties.
  • Applications: Carbon black is widely used as a reinforcing filler in rubber products, such as tires, due to its ability to improve tensile strength, tear resistance, and other mechanical properties. It is also used as a black pigment in inks, coatings, plastics, and other materials.